Combat Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu)

COMBAT JU-JUTSU (JIU-JITSU) GLOSSARY

Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu)

Combat Ju-Jutsu (Ji-Jitsu)The name Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu) is defined as follows:

The first part, 'Ju' - refers to softness and flexibility, as opposed to hardness and rigidity.

The second part, 'Jutsu' - means art, techniques.

Thus, Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu) is supple techniques, gentle art.


Yawara

yawaraYawara is a Japanese knuckle-duster for prod blows.

Yawaras have been known in China and Japan for a long time. When fighting with yawaras, sharp pointed attacks and movements are used. Exchanges occur at various levels, and would include a combination of strikes, kicks and the whole body.

In 17th century Europe, similar weapons (brass knuckles) also enjoyed popularity among participants of the aristocracy and secret clans. In this form of arms there were many varieties: all sorts of intricate precious stoned rings on the fingers as undetectable knuckle-dusters, hidden stilettos, pressed between fingers or hidden in canes. But in its pure form, as a stick (knuckle-duster) - yawaras were used only in China and Japan.

The origin of these items is still unknown. A popular theory posits that Buddhist priests and monks were forbidden to carry weapons, so in combat they used what they had on hand, such as the "vajra," one of the symbols of their faith. Others believe that Japanese knuckle-dusters originated in the environment of the laity, where use of a heavy "pestle", which is used for grinding different seasoning and potions in to a paste, was common. Indeed, yawara is intended to scatter pointed powerful strikes, not scratches like with the vajra. The form of knuckle-duster gradually changed: yawara became thinner and easier to hold in the palm, with additional spikes added to increase effectiveness of frontal impacts versus the earlier versions that sported rounded corners. In general, yawara constantly evolved and each user tailored it for his/her own purposes.


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