Combat Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu)


SamuraiThe earliest traces of Chinese martial arts emerged in the Zhou (Chou) imperial dynasties that ruled China from about 1122 BC to 255 BC. Later on, many historians believe that the Japanese art of Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu) can be traced back to the Zen Buddhist monk named Bodhidharma (Daruma-in Japan). In their opinion, he brought the technique of unarmed combat (Shaolin boxing) to China from India about 500-600 A.D. Although the style was not similar to the modern Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu), it most likely became the basis of martial art and its fundamental methods and techniques developed over the past centuries in the art of unarmed and armed combat, which Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu) is referred to.

In Japan martial arts development reached its peak, typically during wartime. Japanese professional soldiers (Samurai) were under training from childhood thru adulthood and were familiarized with various styles and weaponry, especially "katana," razor sharp Japanese swords. Combat Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu), most likely originated in the Takenouchi School, which was founded by the Japanese Takenouchi Hisamori in 1532.

The name of Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu) itself became commonplace in Japan around the year 1600, after the civil war, when Shogun Tokugawa came to power. In accordance with the will of the Emperor, given that only the Samurai could only carry weapons, the Japanese commenced to develop styles of Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu) (self-defense without arms). By the end of the 17th century over 700 styles were recognized. Each had its own peculiarities. Some of them were more stringent, while others were more lenient. Some emphasized kicks and strikes, while others focused on techniques involving throws and holds.

Over the ensuing centuries, Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu) continued to develop, giving birth to new styles and absorbing the best of other martial arts. At the turn of the 19th-20th centuries the Japanese Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu) masters began visiting the United States and Europe. Some of them showed their art, which people back then called "tricks". At these demonstrations, they sometimes engaged in a duel with the famous wrestlers and pugilists, who often far exceeded them in weight.

After a while the Eastern martial arts became separate sports in Western countries. Judo, for example, became an Olympic sport in 1964. The Americans readily took to traditional Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu), but soon started to develop new styles, which absorbed modern methods and techniques, beginning in the 1930's.

Later, in the mid-60's, other martial arts - Karate, Kung Fu, and Tae-Kwon-do gained popularity, much due to its presence on the Big Screen, specifically movies by Bruce Lee. Of course, Bruce Lee's own style of martial arts owes much to Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu), the parent art of most of today's martial arts. Professor (and Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu) Master) Wally Jay advised Bruce Lee as he was creating his own, now famous, Jeet Kune Do.

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