Combat Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu)

COMBAT JU-JUTSU (JIU-JITSU) TECHNIQUES OVERVIEW

Combat Ju-Jutsu (Ji-Jitsu)Study of techniques is not an end in itself in our school. Techniques are just a means to achieve a goal and not the goal itself. The main point here is to achieve a psycho-physical level of human training, which allows you to solve the assigned tasks in the most efficient way, with the least number of movements. Aesthetics and beauty of the technique(s) are clearly secondary to brutal efficiency.

In our school we do not relegate different techniques to be learned in later stages as other schools typically do. It is generally believed that there are no differences in technical actions since they all are based on a few basic movements and able to flow one into another, without changing the structure of the movement. Therefore, striking, throwing, or other technical actions are all based on the same - or very similar - movement. Therefore, we do not train techniques, we train movements.

Here are the technical actions that we utilize.

1. Movements, guards

We do not use guards for the sake of the guards themselves and movement for the sake of movement itself. Everything should be subject to the principle of effectiveness and expediency.

Our guards are dynamic providing maximum protection for the vulnerable parts of the body at the time of contact with the attacker. Our base state is always one of controlled relaxation; our next state, one of vigorous action. All known movements are utilized: from linear shuffle forward and back, diagonal and circular, including techniques providing explosive discharge of force.

We do not use stationary guards or programmed movements. Practicality dictates that if the techniques do not work on the run, they do not work in extreme situations.

2. Striking techniques

We use all blows so long as they can be performed without interrupting the rhythm and tempo of the movement. Depending on the distance, that may be kicks by foot, strikes by fist, knee, elbow, head, shoulder, etc.

The trajectory of impact should be the shortest and most natural for the structure/muscularity of the person striking. As well, striking must concurrently provide protection from counter-attacking actions of the opponent.

Striking techniques are the first level of contact and basis for further actions. Unlike other forms of sporting martial arts, we usually do not use fencing blows at medium distance; Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu) is aimed at neutralizing an opponent with a series of punches in the shortest period of time (2-5 seconds). Therefore, emphasis is on techniques that would turn the situation in your favor, without a long exchange of blows (most desirably, without any exchange of blows at all).

Striking techniques promote development of speed and dynamic endurance.

3. Painful techniques in guards

Most often the next level of contact consists of the more painful techniques in guard, twists, levers, joint locks, pain causing throws, takedowns and grappling. Such techniques are typically used in combat with fewer attackers. We also learn to use opponents as human shields at this level.

Such training contributes to development of sensitivity and protection from attacks using edged weapons, and is most commonly used in defense, but if necessary, in attacking as well. This section of Ju-Jutsu (Jiu-Jitsu) is often referred to Ai-Ki-Jitsu or not for applied use to Ai-Ki-do.

4. Throwing

In close quarters fighting, the combatants often go in to the "clinch", where it is more complicated to strike and the natural inclination of combat would be aimed at throwing your opponent to the ground. Throws should be done without violating the combat dynamics and without additional rebuilding the mechanics of the fighter's movements. Prior to applying the martial throwing techniques, a series of blows to the attacker to stun/distract him are usually delivered.

For sportive application these techniques with a number of restrictions are now readily identified as the Olympic martial art we know as Judo.

5. Ground fighting

A large number of confrontations transition into ground fighting. This requires special training, as this phase is the longest and it is inadvisable when one is involved in combat with multiple attackers. The goal of this phase is to transfer the opponent in a position convenient for crushing blows, chokeholds, joint-locks and submission holds.

6. Combat against armed attacker

To survive an attack from an armed opponent, we should be able to apply the skills of contra-action with minimal losses for ourselves and neutralization of the armed attacker. For this purpose one should be familiar with all kinds of weapons and have the skills to defend against them. For self defense any improvised means fit for combat can and should be utilized.


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